California Sentencing Enhancements
Tenacious Criminal Defense Attorney Fighting for Clients in Modesto and Throughout Stanislaus County
Over recent years, California has come to be known as a progressive state when it comes to criminal justice reform. However, one of the reasons why the state has been able to make such strides is because the California sentencing enhancements are among the strictest in the country. In many cases, a sentence for enhancement time far exceeds the sentence for the underlying offense. If you face criminal charges in Modesto and the prosecutors are alleging enhancements, it is essential you reach out to an experienced criminal defense attorney. At the Law Office of Rebecka A. Monez, we have extensive experience effectively dealing with the California sentencing enhancements and do everything possible to take the possibility of receiving enhancement time off the table.
What Are the California Sentencing Enhancements?
Under California law, judges determine your sentence depending on the type of crime you were convicted of. However, years ago, state lawmakers also passed a series of sentencing enhancements that expose certain individuals to additional penalties if the government can prove certain additional facts.
Most California sentencing enhancements fall into two categories: firearm enhancements and gang enhancements.
California Firearm Enhancements
Firearm enhancements add additional time to your sentence if you are found to have possessed, used, or injured somebody with a firearm during the commission of a crime. The most commonly used firearm sentencing enhancements include:
Penal Code § 12022 – Armed with a Firearm During the Commission of a Felony
If you are armed with a gun when you commit a crime, you face an additional one-year jail sentence—even if you didn’t use the gun. This enhancement imposes a three-year term of imprisonment if the gun was an assault weapon or machine gun.
Penal Code § 12022.5 – Personal Use of a Firearm During the Commission of a Felony
If you used a firearm while committing any felony, the judge could add an additional 3, 4 or 10 years to your sentence. You don’t necessarily need to fire the gun for this enhancement to apply; merely using the gun in a threatening manner triggers the enhancement.
Penal Code § 12022.53 – Personal Use of a Firearm During the Commission of a Serious or Violent Felony
If you use a gun during the commission of a “serious” or violent felony, you will face a ten-year enhancement. Serious or violent felonies include mayhem, murder, robbery, kidnapping, carjacking, and rape.
California Gang Enhancements
In addition to firearm enhancements, California law also allows for a judge to add time to your sentence if you committed a crime “for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association with a criminal street gang, with the specific intent to promote, further, or assist in criminal conduct by gang members.”
Depending on the situation, California gang enhancements add 2, 3, 4, 5, or 10 years to your sentence.
What Is The California Three Strikes Law?
California also has a strict recidivist sentencing enhancement statute, known as the three-strikes law. Under the three-strikes law, anyone convicted of a crime faces a prison term twice as long as they would otherwise receive if they have one prior conviction for a serious felony. And, if you have two prior serious felony convictions, you face a prison term of at least 25 years to life.
Judicial Discretion in Sentencing
Recent California criminal justice reform measures permit judges the exercise greater discretion in striking enhancements. However, while judges can strike an enhancement in many cases, they are under no obligation to do so. Thus, it is essential for those who face one or more California sentencing enhancements to have an experienced Modesto criminal defense attorney at their side to ensure as low a sentence as possible.
Are You Facing Criminal Charges in Stanislaus County?
If you were recently arrested and charged with a crime, the Law Office of Rebecka A. Monez is here to help. At our Modesto criminal defense law firm, we aggressively represent clients facing violent crimes and weapons offenses, ensuring that they are not unnecessarily subject to sentencing enhancements that could otherwise significantly increase their exposure. To learn more, and to schedule a free consultation today, call 209-488-4959. You can also connect with us through our online contact form.